Some residents on the Big Island of Hawaii continue to experience hell. That’s because of the constant eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano. Just this morning, a new explosive eruption occurred at the summit, which caused a magnitude-5.4 earthquake. Earthquakes of this strength have been occurring numerous times each week since Kilauea first erupted over one month ago, back on May 3rd.
Thousands of residents have been displaced due to the lava flows that have destroyed over 500 homes, especially near Kapoho Bay. The below and after photos from the Sentinel-2 satellite captured on May 14th and June 7th, respectively, capture the changed landscape and the disappearance of Kapoho Bay on the coast. This is because the lava has completely filled the bay, thus evaporating all of its water and forming a new lava delta.
Fissure 8 remains the most active, producing lava fountains to heights of 130-140 feet from within the growing cone of cinder and spatter. According to the US Geological Survey, “Pele’s hair and other lightweight volcanic glass from fountaining of Fissure 8 are falling downwind of the fissure and accumulating on the ground within Leilani Estates.” There are two active lava flows that continue to transport lava from this active fissure to the ocean. Once this molten, hot lava meets the water, it produces a new hazard, laze. Laza is extremely dangerous and is a combination of small glass particles and hydrochloric acid. That and the toxic, surfur dioxide are two elements that officials are warning residents about by urging them to remain inside.
Because Kilauea has been erupting for over a month, a lot of lava has been emitted. According to NASA and the US Geological Survey, “Since May 3, 2018, Kilauea has erupted more than 110 million cubic meters of lava. That is enough to fill 45,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, cover Manhattan Island to a depth of 2 meters (7 feet), or fill 11 million dump trucks […] However, that is only about half of the volume erupted at nearby Mauna Loa in a major eruption in 1984.”
Gallery of Images Since the Past Week:
The following images are courtesy of the US Geological Survey.