Kilauea Volcano first began erupting on May 3rd of this year. Two months later, it’s still happening. Over 6000 acres of land have now been covered by new rock and over 600 structures have been destroyed across parts of Leilani Estates, Lanipuna Gardens, Pohoiki Bay Estates, and Kapoho Estates on the Big Island of Hawaii.
For weeks now, lava has been flowing from fissures located in the lower East Rift Zone to the ocean, producing laze (hydrochloric acid and glass particles) and forming new land. Off the northeastern-most part of this ocean entry, a tiny, new island made of lava has formed.
According to the United States Geological Survey, the “field crew noticed the island was oozing lava similar to the lava oozing from the broad flow front along the coastline.” This island has been estimated to only be 20 to 30 feet in diameter, and may have formed from a submarine tumulus that built up underwater and emerged above sea level.